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[this is a data cube dataset] A data cube dataset in folders : Scottish Government, Crime and Justice

Reconvictions

Reconviction rates by offenders' gender and age

View as a spreadsheet
Dimensions
Dimension
Value
Age
  1. 21-25
  2. 26-30
  3. 31-40
  4. Over 40
  5. Under 21
  6. All
Gender
  1. All
  2. Female
  3. Male
Measure Type
  1. Mean
  2. Ratio
Reference Period
  1. 2004/2005
  2. 2005/2006
  3. 2006/2007
  4. 2007/2008
  5. 2008/2009
  6. 2009/2010
  7. 2010/2011
  8. 2011/2012
  9. 2012/2013
  10. 2013/2014
  11. 2014/2015
  12. 2015/2016
Reference Area
(showing types of area available in these data)
  1. Countries
  2. Council Areas
Download
Entire dataset
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CSVN-Triples
About the Dataset
Contact
Publisher
Scottish Government
Creator
Scottish Government
In folders
License
Issued
29/07/2014
Modified
06/10/2018
Next update due
September 2019
Description

This dataset includes the reconviction rate and the average number of reconvictions per offender for local authorities and at the national level. These are published annually in the Reconviction Rates in Scotland National Statistics Bulletin

Reconvictions are calculated for a cohort of offenders that have either been released from custody or given a non-custodial sentence in Scottish court in each financial year.

The reconviction rate is the percentage of offenders that were reconvicted in a Scottish court within a year of being released from custody or given a non-custodial sentence.

The average number of reconvictions is a measure of, on average, how many times offenders are reconvicted in a Scottish court within a year of being released from a custodial sentence or given a non-custodial sentence. Note that as these are averages for the cohort, there would be variation within the cohort; as some offenders are not reconvicted, but others may be reconvicted several times.

The figures are based on data held on the Scottish Offenders Index (SOI) which is derived from the Criminal History System at the Scottish Police Authority. The SOI covers all convictions where the main offence was a crime in Groups 1-5 of the Scottish Governments classification of crimes and offences; or some crimes and offences in Group 6, including common assault, breach of the peace, racially aggravated harassment or conduct, miscellaneous firearms offences and social security offences.

See here for counting rules.

Details
Confidentiality Policy

The privacy notice is available on the Scottish Government's Justice Statistics webpage at the following link

Quality Management

See the link here for more information about data quality.

Accuracy and Reliability

The figures have been derived from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. During the production of these figures we have put in place processes to ensure that the data are fit for purpose.

Values are missing for certain year, age, and gender combinations in some local authorities because there were no offenders with those particular characteristics.

Coherence and Comparability

Reconvictions are calculated for local authorities, based on the court where offenders’ index convictions were given. The areas that courts cover do not always match local authority boundaries and some courts may cover more than one local authority. Where we cannot distinguish between local authorities, the same reconviction rate has been entered for the local authorities, so for example Edinburgh and Midlothian have the same reconviction rate.

We cannot distinguish Edinburgh and Midlothian; East Ayrshire, North Ayrshire, and South Ayrshire; East Renfrewshire and Renfrewshire; North Lanarkshire and South Lanarkshire; and East Dunbartonshire and West Dunbartonshire.

We have started to collect the postcode of offenders so we can calculate reconviction rates for each local authority based on the residence of offenders. These were published as experimental statistics for the first time in the 2015-16 Offender cohort bulletin, but as the data isn’t of sufficient quality yet, we recommend using the court based estimates for local authority reconviction rates. When the data quality improves over the next few years, these will be published on statistics.gov.scot.

Accessibility and Clarity

Extra datasets are published alongside the Reconviction Rates in Scotland National Statistics Bulletin that provide further breakdowns at local authority level, for example, crime type and disposal.

Relevance

Recidivism is where someone has received some form of criminal justice sanction (such as a community sentence or a fine) and goes on to commit another offence. Therefore determining recidivism is important as it illustrates the effectiveness of the criminal justice system on the punishment and rehabilitation of offenders. Reconviction rates are a proxy measure for recidivism, as not all offences recorded by the police will necessarily result in a conviction in court.

Timeliness and Punctuality

There is a time lag because a follow-up period is required to calculate reconvictions. The reconviction rates in Scotland were reported with a two year follow-up period. From the 2009-10 onwards, the focus has been mainly on a follow-up period of one year rather than two years as, in general, the one year rate tracks the two year rate and has the benefit of being more timely.

Revisions

The reconviction rates are revised each year as data to take into account any changes to the data on the Criminal History System. See the link here for more information about revisions.

URI

This is a linked data resource: it has a permanent unique uri at which both humans and machines can find it on the Internet, and which can be used an identifier in queries on our SPARQL endpoint.

http://statistics.gov.scot/data/reconvictions
Dimensions Linked Data

A linked data-orientated view of dimensions and values

Dimension Locked Value
Age
http://statistics.gov.scot/def/dimension/age
(not locked to a value)
Gender
http://statistics.gov.scot/def/dimension/gender
(not locked to a value)
Reference Area
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refArea
(not locked to a value)
Reference Period
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refPeriod
(not locked to a value)
Measure Type
http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#measureType
(not locked to a value)
Graphs

Linked Data is stored in graphs. We keep dataset contents (the data) separately from the metadata, to make it easier for you to find exactly what you need.

The data in this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/reconvictions

The data structure definition for this data cube dataset is stored in the same graph as the data: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/reconvictions

All other metadata about this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/reconvictions/metadata

Linked Data Resources

A breakdown by type of the 14,033 resources in this dataset's data graph.

Resource type Number of resources
Collection 2
Component specification 9
Data set 1
Data structure definition 1
Observation 14,020
All metadata
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/reconvictions/metadata
Accessibility and Clarity http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accessibility-and-clarity
[Extra datasets](https://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Crime-Justice/Datasets/ReconvictOffendDatasets) are published alongside the [Reconviction Rates in Scotland National Statistics Bulletin](https://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Crime-Justice/Datasets/ReconvictOffendDatasets) that provide further breakdowns at local authority level, for example, crime type and disposal. xsd:string
Accuracy and Reliability http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accuracy-and-reliability
The figures have been derived from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. During the production of these figures we have put in place processes to ensure that the data are fit for purpose. Values are missing for certain year, age, and gender combinations in some local authorities because there were no offenders with those particular characteristics. xsd:string
Comment rdfs:comment http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#comment
Reconviction rates by offenders' gender and age xsd:string
Comparability and Coherence http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/comparability-and-coherence
Reconvictions are calculated for local authorities, based on the court where offenders’ index convictions were given. The areas that courts cover do not always match local authority boundaries and some courts may cover more than one local authority. Where we cannot distinguish between local authorities, the same reconviction rate has been entered for the local authorities, so for example Edinburgh and Midlothian have the same reconviction rate. We cannot distinguish Edinburgh and Midlothian; East Ayrshire, North Ayrshire, and South Ayrshire; East Renfrewshire and Renfrewshire; North Lanarkshire and South Lanarkshire; and East Dunbartonshire and West Dunbartonshire. We have started to collect the postcode of offenders so we can calculate reconviction rates for each local authority based on the residence of offenders. These were published as experimental statistics for the first time in the 2015-16 Offender cohort bulletin, but as the data isn’t of sufficient quality yet, we recommend using the court based estimates for local authority reconviction rates. When the data quality improves over the next few years, these will be published on statistics.gov.scot. xsd:string
Confidentiality http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/confidentiality
The privacy notice is available on the Scottish Government's Justice Statistics webpage at the following [link](https://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Crime-Justice/CPRCPN) xsd:string
Contact email http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#contactEmail
mailto:Justice_Analysts@gov.scot
Creator dcterms:creator http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Date Issued dcterms:issued http://purl.org/dc/terms/issued
July 29, 2014 00:00 xsd:dateTime
Date Modified dcterms:modified http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
October 06, 2018 12:13 xsd:dateTime
Description dcterms:description http://purl.org/dc/terms/description
This dataset includes the reconviction rate and the average number of reconvictions per offender for local authorities and at the national level. These are published annually in the [Reconviction Rates in Scotland National Statistics Bulletin](https://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Crime-Justice/PubReconvictions) Reconvictions are calculated for a cohort of offenders that have either been released from custody or given a non-custodial sentence in Scottish court in each financial year. The reconviction rate is the percentage of offenders that were reconvicted in a Scottish court within a year of being released from custody or given a non-custodial sentence. The average number of reconvictions is a measure of, on average, how many times offenders are reconvicted in a Scottish court within a year of being released from a custodial sentence or given a non-custodial sentence. Note that as these are averages for the cohort, there would be variation within the cohort; as some offenders are not reconvicted, but others may be reconvicted several times. The figures are based on data held on the Scottish Offenders Index (SOI) which is derived from the Criminal History System at the Scottish Police Authority. The SOI covers all convictions where the main offence was a crime in Groups 1-5 of the Scottish Governments classification of crimes and offences; or some crimes and offences in Group 6, including common assault, breach of the peace, racially aggravated harassment or conduct, miscellaneous firearms offences and social security offences. See [here](https://www.gov.scot/Publications/2018/09/6289/357183) for counting rules. xsd:string
Graph http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#graph
http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/reconvictions
Has a SPARQL endpoint at void:sparqlEndpoint http://rdfs.org/ns/void#sparqlEndpoint
http://statistics.gov.scot/sparql
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue
September 2019 xsd:string
In folder http://publishmydata.com/def/ontology/folder/inFolder
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Crime and Justice http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/crime-and-justice
Label rdfs:label http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#label
Reconvictions xsd:string
License dcterms:license http://purl.org/dc/terms/license
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/2/
Publisher dcterms:publisher http://purl.org/dc/terms/publisher
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Quality Management http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/quality-management
See the link [here](https://www.gov.scot/Publications/2018/09/6289/357184) for more information about data quality. xsd:string
References dcterms:references http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
http://statistics.gov.scot/help http://statistics.gov.scot/help
Relevance http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/relevance
Recidivism is where someone has received some form of criminal justice sanction (such as a community sentence or a fine) and goes on to commit another offence. Therefore determining recidivism is important as it illustrates the effectiveness of the criminal justice system on the punishment and rehabilitation of offenders. Reconviction rates are a proxy measure for recidivism, as not all offences recorded by the police will necessarily result in a conviction in court. xsd:string
Revisions http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/revisions
The reconviction rates are revised each year as data to take into account any changes to the data on the Criminal History System. See the link [here](https://www.gov.scot/Publications/2018/09/6289/357184) for more information about revisions. xsd:string
Theme dcat:theme http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#theme
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Crime and Justice http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/crime-and-justice
Timeliness and Punctuality http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/timeliness-and-punctuality
There is a time lag because a follow-up period is required to calculate reconvictions. The reconviction rates in Scotland were reported with a two year follow-up period. From the 2009-10 onwards, the focus has been mainly on a follow-up period of one year rather than two years as, in general, the one year rate tracks the two year rate and has the benefit of being more timely. xsd:string
Title dcterms:title http://purl.org/dc/terms/title
Reconvictions xsd:string
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Dataset http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#Dataset
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#LinkedDataset
dataset http://rdfs.org/ns/void#Dataset
Dataset http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#Dataset
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/reconvictions
Structure qb:structure http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#structure
http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/reconvictions http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/reconvictions
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Machine-readable formats

In addition to this bookmarkable html page, this dataset metadata is also available for our robot customers in the following machine-readable formats. Please refer to the API documentation for more details.

dataset metadata JSON RDF/XML Turtle N-Triples Atom