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[this is a data cube dataset] A data cube dataset in folders : Scottish Government, Community Wellbeing and Social Environment

Poverty

The number and proportions of people living in private households with an equivalised income of less than 60% of the UK median before housing costs.

View as a spreadsheet
Dimensions
Dimension
Value
Housing Costs
  1. After Housing Costs
  2. Before Housing Costs
Measure Type
  1. Count
  2. Ratio
Population Group
  1. All
  2. Children
  3. Pensioners
  4. Working Age Adults
Reference Period
  1. 1997/98-1999/00
  2. 1998/99-2000/01
  3. 1999/00-2001/02
  4. 2000/01-2002/03
  5. 2001/02-2003/04
  6. 2002/03-2004/05
  7. 2003/04-2005/06
  8. 2004/05-2006/07
  9. 2005/06-2007/08
  10. 2006/07-2008/09
  11. 2007/08-2009/10
  12. 2008/09-2010/11
  13. 2009/10-2011/12
  14. 2010/11-2012/13
  15. 2011/12-2013/14
  16. 2012/13-2014/15
  17. 2013/14-2015/16
  18. 2014/15-2016/17
Reference Area
(showing types of area available in these data)
  1. Countries
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Entire dataset
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CSVN-Triples
About the Dataset
Contact
Publisher
Scottish Government
Creator
Scottish Government
In folders
License
Issued
29/07/2014
Modified
24/04/2018
Next update due
March 2019
Description

The number and proportions of people living in private households with an equivalised income of less than 60% of the UK median before housing costs.

As of 2018, figures are presented as three-year rolling averages to ensure robust time series analyses.

The income measure used is equivalised net disposable income before housing costs. This is income from all sources (including earnings, benefits, tax credits, pensions, and investments) after deductions for income tax, national insurance contributions, council tax, pension contributions and maintenance payments but before deductions for housing costs such as rent and/or mortgage payments. (A before housing costs, rather than after housing costs, measure has been selected because it is internationally comparable.) Equivalisation sums the income of all householders, adjusts it to reflect the composition of the household, and applies the resulting income to all householders. Private Scottish Households refers to all households that are not communal establishments such as hostels, prisons or hospitals, for example. The median is the middle value when the household income of all individuals in the UK are ranked in order. Sixty percent of the median is an internationally recognised poverty threshold. The data source is the Family Resources Survey (Households Below Average Income dataset). For the purpose of this analysis working age adults are defined as all individuals aged 16 and over, except unmarried 16 to 18 year olds in full-time non-advanced education; all adults in the household are interviewed as part of the Family Resources Survey (FRS).

Details
Confidentiality Policy

Data is not published where the unweighted value of the cell is less than 100.

Quality Management
Not supplied
Accuracy and Reliability

The Family Resources Survey is a sample survey including approximately 2,700 households in Scotland. The responses of these households are weighted and grossed up to be representative of all private households in Scotland. The equivalised household income of each individual is compared to the UK median and the person is considered to be in low income poverty if their income is below that threshold. The weighted and grossed number of people below the threshold is then divided by the estimated number of individuals in private households in Scotland (from NRS population estimates) to provide this indicator. The OECD equivalisation scale is used (see http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/61/52/35411111.pdf).

Estimates are accurate to within 2 percentage points (at a 90% confidence level). Confidence intervals surrounding the estimates are published on the Income and Poverty website methodology page (see http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Social-Welfare/IncomePoverty/Methodology)

Coherence and Comparability

This data can be used for time series analysis however, as the data is taken from a sample survey there are confidence intervals surrounding the estimates. The unit of measurement is the individual and the data is measured by financial year.

Accessibility and Clarity
Not supplied
Relevance
Not supplied
Timeliness and Punctuality
Not supplied
Revisions
Not supplied
URI

This is a linked data resource: it has a permanent unique uri at which both humans and machines can find it on the Internet, and which can be used an identifier in queries on our SPARQL endpoint.

http://statistics.gov.scot/data/poverty
Dimensions Linked Data

A linked data-orientated view of dimensions and values

Dimension Locked Value
Housing Costs
http://statistics.gov.scot/def/dimension/housingCosts
(not locked to a value)
Population Group
http://statistics.gov.scot/def/dimension/populationGroup
(not locked to a value)
Reference Area
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refArea
(not locked to a value)
Reference Period
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refPeriod
(not locked to a value)
Measure Type
http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#measureType
(not locked to a value)
Graphs

Linked Data is stored in graphs. We keep dataset contents (the data) separately from the metadata, to make it easier for you to find exactly what you need.

The data in this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/poverty

The data structure definition for this data cube dataset is stored in the same graph as the data: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/poverty

All other metadata about this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/poverty/metadata

Linked Data Resources

A breakdown by type of the 303 resources in this dataset's data graph.

Resource type Number of resources
Collection 2
Component specification 11
Data set 1
Data structure definition 1
Observation 288
All metadata
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/poverty/metadata
Accuracy and Reliability http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accuracy-and-reliability
The Family Resources Survey is a sample survey including approximately 2,700 households in Scotland. The responses of these households are weighted and grossed up to be representative of all private households in Scotland. The equivalised household income of each individual is compared to the UK median and the person is considered to be in low income poverty if their income is below that threshold. The weighted and grossed number of people below the threshold is then divided by the estimated number of individuals in private households in Scotland (from NRS population estimates) to provide this indicator. The OECD equivalisation scale is used (see [http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/61/52/35411111.pdf](http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/61/52/35411111.pdf)). Estimates are accurate to within 2 percentage points (at a 90% confidence level). Confidence intervals surrounding the estimates are published on the Income and Poverty website methodology page (see [http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Social-Welfare/IncomePoverty/Methodology](http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Social-Welfare/IncomePoverty/Methodology)) xsd:string
Comment rdfs:comment http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#comment
The number and proportions of people living in private households with an equivalised income of less than 60% of the UK median before housing costs. xsd:string
Comparability and Coherence http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/comparability-and-coherence
This data can be used for time series analysis however, as the data is taken from a sample survey there are confidence intervals surrounding the estimates. The unit of measurement is the individual and the data is measured by financial year. xsd:string
Confidentiality http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/confidentiality
Data is not published where the unweighted value of the cell is less than 100. xsd:string
Contact email http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#contactEmail
mailto:social-justice-analysis@gov.scot
Creator dcterms:creator http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Date Issued dcterms:issued http://purl.org/dc/terms/issued
July 29, 2014 00:00 xsd:dateTime
April 05, 2017 09:35 xsd:dateTime
Date Modified dcterms:modified http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
April 24, 2018 15:00 xsd:dateTime
Description dcterms:description http://purl.org/dc/terms/description
The number and proportions of people living in private households with an equivalised income of less than 60% of the UK median before housing costs. As of 2018, figures are presented as three-year rolling averages to ensure robust time series analyses. The income measure used is equivalised net disposable income before housing costs. This is income from all sources (including earnings, benefits, tax credits, pensions, and investments) after deductions for income tax, national insurance contributions, council tax, pension contributions and maintenance payments but before deductions for housing costs such as rent and/or mortgage payments. (A before housing costs, rather than after housing costs, measure has been selected because it is internationally comparable.) Equivalisation sums the income of all householders, adjusts it to reflect the composition of the household, and applies the resulting income to all householders. Private Scottish Households refers to all households that are not communal establishments such as hostels, prisons or hospitals, for example. The median is the middle value when the household income of all individuals in the UK are ranked in order. Sixty percent of the median is an internationally recognised poverty threshold. The data source is the Family Resources Survey (Households Below Average Income dataset). For the purpose of this analysis working age adults are defined as all individuals aged 16 and over, except unmarried 16 to 18 year olds in full-time non-advanced education; all adults in the household are interviewed as part of the Family Resources Survey (FRS). xsd:string
Graph http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#graph
http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/poverty
Has a SPARQL endpoint at void:sparqlEndpoint http://rdfs.org/ns/void#sparqlEndpoint
http://statistics.gov.scot/sparql
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue
March 2019 xsd:string
In folder http://publishmydata.com/def/ontology/folder/inFolder
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Community Wellbeing and Social Environment http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/community-wellbeing-and-social-environment
Label rdfs:label http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#label
Poverty xsd:string
License dcterms:license http://purl.org/dc/terms/license
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/2/
Publisher dcterms:publisher http://purl.org/dc/terms/publisher
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
References dcterms:references http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
http://statistics.gov.scot/help http://statistics.gov.scot/help
Theme dcat:theme http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#theme
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Community Wellbeing and Social Environment http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/community-wellbeing-and-social-environment
Title dcterms:title http://purl.org/dc/terms/title
Poverty xsd:string
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Dataset http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#Dataset
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#LinkedDataset
dataset http://rdfs.org/ns/void#Dataset
Dataset http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#Dataset
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/poverty
Structure qb:structure http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#structure
http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/poverty http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/poverty
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Machine-readable formats

In addition to this bookmarkable html page, this dataset metadata is also available for our robot customers in the following machine-readable formats. Please refer to the API documentation for more details.

dataset metadata JSON RDF/XML Turtle N-Triples Atom