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[this is a data cube dataset] A data cube dataset in folders : Scottish Government, Economy

Labour Productivity: Annual

The average amount of economic output produced per job and per hour worked in Scotland.

View as a spreadsheet
Dimensions
Dimension
Value
Measure Type
  1. Annual growth rate
  2. Index
Productivity Measure
  1. Output per hour
  2. Output per job
Reference Period
  1. 1998
  2. 1999
  3. 2000
  4. 2001
  5. 2002
  6. 2003
  7. 2004
  8. 2005
  9. 2006
  10. 2007
  11. 2008
  12. 2009
  13. 2010
  14. 2011
  15. 2012
  16. 2013
  17. 2014
  18. 2015
  19. 2016
  20. 2017
Reference Area
(showing types of area available in these data)
  1. Countries
Download
Entire dataset
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CSVN-Triples
About the Dataset
Contact
Publisher
Scottish Government
Creator
Scottish Government
In folders
License
Issued
23/11/2018
Modified
08/02/2019
Next update due
8th May 2019
Description

Labour productivity measures the amount of economic output that is produced, on average, by each unit of labour input, and is an important indicator of economic performance. Labour productivity statistics for Scotland are produced by the Scottish Government and have been designated as Official Statistics.

Labour productivity is a derived statistic which means that it is not directly estimated, but is based on separate estimates for economic output and labour input. It is calculated by dividing a measure of output (gross value added, GVA) by a measure of input (number of jobs or total number of hours worked). An increase in GVA or a decrease in jobs/hours contributes toward an increase in labour productivity whilst a decrease in GVA or an increase in jobs/hours contributes toward a decrease.

Labour input is measured in terms of the number of jobs in the economy (giving a measure of output per job), and also the total number of hours worked (giving output per hour worked). Output per hour worked is usually viewed as the most comprehensive indicator of whole economy labour productivity and taken as the headline measure. Output statistics (gross value added, GVA) are sourced from Scottish Government quarterly national accounts statistics. Labour input measures (number of jobs filled and number of hours worked) are consistent with the quarterly NUTS1 results for countries and regions published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

This dataset contains a measure of annual (calendar year) labour productivity growth. For data relating to rolling annual (4q-on-4q) labour productivity or quarterly trend-based estimates, see the Labour Productivity: Quarterly dataset.

The productivity estimates are in real terms (adjusted for inflation) and are suitable for analysis of changes in performance over time. The results are indexed to a reference year, set at 2007=100 in order to focus on movements in labour productivity since the onset of recession in 2008. An index value of more than 100 means that productivity is higher than in the reference year, and a value of less than 100 means that output is lower than in the reference year.

The indexes are rounded to 4 decimal places and the annuall growth rates are rounded to 1 decimal place. It is not always possible to replicate the published growth rates using rounded data, but all results are also available unrounded in the downloadable spreadsheets from the latest publication.

Further information about these statistics and the methods used to produce them is available in the background notes of the latest statistical bulletin and in the accompanying methodology document.

Details
Confidentiality Policy
Not supplied
Quality Management
Not supplied
Accuracy and Reliability

Scotland's Labour Productivity Statistics are designated as Official Statistics. All Official Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs and are produced free from any political interference.

Labour productivity estimates are derived statistics produced using simple calculations on other source statistics. Their quality and accuracy is therefore dependent on the output and labour input data. While there are some known issues with the consistency between GVA and labour market statistics due to factors including the different survey sources, workforce residency and commuting effects, and differing definitions of business unit classifications, the data sources used to produce these estimates are all individually recognised to be of high quality and are designated as such.

Coherence and Comparability

Alternative statistics are available from the Office for National Statistics which are consistent with the NUTS1 Gross Value Added (Balanced approach) produced for all countries and regions of the UK. ONS estimates of GVA differ from Scottish Government estimates because of adjustments made by the Scottish Government during the production of Supply and Use Tables which balance estimates of GVA using Production and Expenditure data sources as well as Income.

Estimates of labour productivity are derived directly from GVA statistics, and are often analysed alongside GVA and GDP. It is therefore important that productivity statistics should be used in context with the GVA data they are consistent with. For users of Scottish Government GDP and Quarterly National Accounts Scotland statistics, the recommended productivity statistics are those published by the Scottish Government. Users of ONS Regional GVA statistics are recommended to continue using the ONS Regional Productivity statistics as a consistent product. Likewise, users who focus primarily on productivity statistics should ensure that any comparison to GVA or GDP makes reference to the consistent product.

Accessibility and Clarity
Not supplied
Relevance

Labour Productivity is an important indicator of economic performance.

Timeliness and Punctuality
Not supplied
Revisions
Not supplied
URI

This is a linked data resource: it has a permanent unique uri at which both humans and machines can find it on the Internet, and which can be used an identifier in queries on our SPARQL endpoint.

http://statistics.gov.scot/data/labour-productivity-annual
Dimensions Linked Data

A linked data-orientated view of dimensions and values

Dimension Locked Value
Productivity Measure
http://statistics.gov.scot/def/dimension/productivityMeasure
(not locked to a value)
Reference Area
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refArea
(not locked to a value)
Reference Period
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refPeriod
(not locked to a value)
Measure Type
http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#measureType
(not locked to a value)
Graphs

Linked Data is stored in graphs. We keep dataset contents (the data) separately from the metadata, to make it easier for you to find exactly what you need.

The data in this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/labour-productivity-annual

The data structure definition for this data cube dataset is stored in the same graph as the data: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/labour-productivity-annual

All other metadata about this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/labour-productivity-annual/metadata

Linked Data Resources

A breakdown by type of the 90 resources in this dataset's data graph.

Resource type Number of resources
Collection 2
Component specification 8
Data set 1
Data structure definition 1
Observation 78
All metadata
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/labour-productivity-annual/metadata
Accuracy and Reliability http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accuracy-and-reliability
Scotland's Labour Productivity Statistics are designated as Official Statistics. All Official Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs and are produced free from any political interference. Labour productivity estimates are derived statistics produced using simple calculations on other source statistics. Their quality and accuracy is therefore dependent on the output and labour input data. While there are some known issues with the consistency between GVA and labour market statistics due to factors including the different survey sources, workforce residency and commuting effects, and differing definitions of business unit classifications, the data sources used to produce these estimates are all individually recognised to be of high quality and are designated as such. xsd:string
Comment rdfs:comment http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#comment
The average amount of economic output produced per job and per hour worked in Scotland. xsd:string
Comparability and Coherence http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/comparability-and-coherence
Alternative statistics are available from the Office for National Statistics which are consistent with the NUTS1 Gross Value Added (Balanced approach) produced for all countries and regions of the UK. ONS estimates of GVA differ from Scottish Government estimates because of adjustments made by the Scottish Government during the production of Supply and Use Tables which balance estimates of GVA using Production and Expenditure data sources as well as Income. Estimates of labour productivity are derived directly from GVA statistics, and are often analysed alongside GVA and GDP. It is therefore important that productivity statistics should be used in context with the GVA data they are consistent with. For users of Scottish Government GDP and Quarterly National Accounts Scotland statistics, the recommended productivity statistics are those published by the Scottish Government. Users of ONS Regional GVA statistics are recommended to continue using the ONS Regional Productivity statistics as a consistent product. Likewise, users who focus primarily on productivity statistics should ensure that any comparison to GVA or GDP makes reference to the consistent product. xsd:string
Contact email http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#contactEmail
mailto:economic.statistics@gov.scot
Creator dcterms:creator http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Date Issued dcterms:issued http://purl.org/dc/terms/issued
November 23, 2018 15:59 xsd:dateTime
Date Modified dcterms:modified http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
February 08, 2019 14:27 xsd:dateTime
Description dcterms:description http://purl.org/dc/terms/description
Labour productivity measures the amount of economic output that is produced, on average, by each unit of labour input, and is an important indicator of economic performance. Labour productivity statistics for Scotland are produced by the Scottish Government and have been designated as Official Statistics. Labour productivity is a derived statistic which means that it is not directly estimated, but is based on separate estimates for economic output and labour input. It is calculated by dividing a measure of output (gross value added, GVA) by a measure of input (number of jobs or total number of hours worked). An increase in GVA or a decrease in jobs/hours contributes toward an increase in labour productivity whilst a decrease in GVA or an increase in jobs/hours contributes toward a decrease. Labour input is measured in terms of the number of jobs in the economy (giving a measure of output per job), and also the total number of hours worked (giving output per hour worked). Output per hour worked is usually viewed as the most comprehensive indicator of whole economy labour productivity and taken as the headline measure. Output statistics (gross value added, GVA) are sourced from Scottish Government quarterly national accounts statistics. Labour input measures (number of jobs filled and number of hours worked) are consistent with the quarterly NUTS1 results for countries and regions published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). This dataset contains a measure of annual (calendar year) labour productivity growth. For data relating to rolling annual (4q-on-4q) labour productivity or quarterly trend-based estimates, see the *Labour Productivity: Quarterly* dataset. The productivity estimates are in real terms (adjusted for inflation) and are suitable for analysis of changes in performance over time. The results are indexed to a reference year, set at 2007=100 in order to focus on movements in labour productivity since the onset of recession in 2008. An index value of more than 100 means that productivity is higher than in the reference year, and a value of less than 100 means that output is lower than in the reference year. The indexes are rounded to 4 decimal places and the annuall growth rates are rounded to 1 decimal place. It is not always possible to replicate the published growth rates using rounded data, but all results are also available unrounded in the downloadable spreadsheets from the latest publication. Further information about these statistics and the methods used to produce them is available in the background notes of the latest statistical bulletin and in the accompanying methodology document. xsd:string
Graph http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#graph
http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/labour-productivity-annual
Has a SPARQL endpoint at void:sparqlEndpoint http://rdfs.org/ns/void#sparqlEndpoint
http://statistics.gov.scot/sparql
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue
8th May 2019 xsd:string
In folder http://publishmydata.com/def/ontology/folder/inFolder
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Economy http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/economy
Label rdfs:label http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#label
Labour Productivity: Annual xsd:string
License dcterms:license http://purl.org/dc/terms/license
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/
Publisher dcterms:publisher http://purl.org/dc/terms/publisher
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
References dcterms:references http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
http://statistics.gov.scot/help http://statistics.gov.scot/help
Relevance http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/relevance
Labour Productivity is an important indicator of economic performance. xsd:string
Theme dcat:theme http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#theme
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Economy http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/economy
Title dcterms:title http://purl.org/dc/terms/title
Labour Productivity: Annual xsd:string
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Dataset http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#Dataset
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#LinkedDataset
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/labour-productivity-annual
Structure qb:structure http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#structure
http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/labour-productivity-annual http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/labour-productivity-annual
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Machine-readable formats

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