Number of people claiming incapacity benefits and/or severe disablement allowance
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Incapacity Benefits include Severe Disability Allowance (SDA) and Incapacity Benefit (IB). SDA was introduced in November 1984, claimants were aged between 16 and 65 when they made their claim and been incapable of work for at least 28 weeks.
There is no upper age limit for receiving the allowance once it has been awarded. Since April 2001 it has not been possible to make a new claim for SDA. IB replaced Sickness and Invalidity Benefits from April 1995. It is paid to people who are assessed as being incapable of work and who meet the appropriate contribution conditions. For people under state pension age there are two short-term rates: the lower rate, IBST(L), is paid for the first 28 weeks of sickness and the higher rate, IBST(H), for weeks 29 to 52. The long-term rate, IBLT, of Incapacity Benefit applies to people under state pension age who have been sick for more than a year. People with a terminal illness or who are receiving the highest rate care component of Disability Living Allowance get the long-term rate from week 29. For people over state pension age, the short-term rate of Incapacity Benefit, based on Retirement Pension entitlement, is paid for up to a year if incapacity began before pension age. The long-term rate is not paid for people over pension age.
Data shown here is derived from a 100% data source; the Work and Pensions Longitudinal Study (WPLS) which is not subject to any sampling error. The dataset provides counts of total claimants and breakdowns by age, gender, duration on benefit and some benefit specific information. The data are from a snapshot in time and will therefore exclude a small number of clerically held cases. The snapshots are taken at quarterly intervals at the end of February (Q1), May (Q2), August (Q3) and November (Q4). A very small number of claimants who have an unknown age or gender are included within the area total but excluded from the age and gender breakdowns as they pose a small disclosure risk. The data in the WPLS datasets are not directly comparable to the annual individual level data previously released as they were a single snapshot at a point in time and did not reflect late notifications and removals from the systems. Claimant rates for SDA are based on the population aged 16 plus. Claimant rates for IB are based on the working age population (male aged 1664 and females aged 16-59). Claimant rates for all incapacity benefits are based on the population aged 16 plus. All populations are from small area population estimates provided by the National Records of Scotland. Populations denominators for higher geographies are based on best-fit 2001 geographies. Populations denominators for higher geographies are based on best-fit 2001 geographies.
Source: Department for Work and Pensions.
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Every effort has been made by the DWP to ensure that data do not allow the disclosure of confidential information and all counts have been adjusted using rounding to base 5. Any counts that are shown as zero may not be a real zero.
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The data in this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/incapacity-benefit-claimants
The data structure definition for this data cube dataset is stored in the same graph as the data: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/incapacity-benefit-claimants
All other metadata about this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/incapacity-benefit-claimants/metadata
A breakdown by type of the 5,315,462 resources in this dataset's data graph.
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