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[this is a data cube dataset] A data cube dataset in folders : Scottish Government, Business, Enterprise and Energy

Gross Expenditure on Research and Development

Gross Expenditure on Research and Development in Scotland as a percentage of GDP since 2001.

View as a spreadsheet
Dimensions
Dimension
Value
Measure Type
  1. Ratio
R&D Performer
  1. BERD
  2. GERD (excluding PNP)
  3. GERD (including PNP)
  4. GovERD
  5. HERD
  6. PNP
Reference Period
  1. 2001
  2. 2002
  3. 2003
  4. 2004
  5. 2005
  6. 2006
  7. 2007
  8. 2008
  9. 2009
  10. 2010
  11. 2011
  12. 2012
  13. 2013
  14. 2014
  15. 2015
  16. 2016
Reference Area
(showing types of area available in these data)
  1. Countries
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Entire dataset
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CSVN-Triples
About the Dataset
Contact
Publisher
Scottish Government
Creator
Scottish Government
In folders
License
Issued
18/06/2018
Modified
18/06/2018
Next update due
April 2019
Description

Information on Scottish Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) as a percentage of GDP from 2001 onwards and estimates of the four components of GERD: Business Enterprise (BERD), Higher Education (HERD), Government, which includes Research Councils (GovERD) and Private Non-Profit (PNP). The data on expenditure on R&D in Scotland is sourced from Research and Development Surveys conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). More detailed information can be found on our publication website and in the GERD Scotland 2016 publication.

Details
Confidentiality Policy
Not supplied
Quality Management

Gross Expenditure on Research and Development is a National Statistics publication. It has been produced to the high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and the Pre-release Access to Official Statistics (Scotland) Order 2008 . These statistics undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. ONS have produced, as part of the UK GERD release, a summary quality report for the GERD output: ONS Summary Quality Report. Information on GERD data sources, suitability and uses can be found here.

Accuracy and Reliability

The GERD data are compiled from annual surveys. When a new year's GERD data are released, the previous' two years' data are revised at the same time to take account of misreporting and late returns. All series expressed as real terms and expressed as a proportion of GDP are revised back to 2001 due to underlying revisions to deflators and GDP respectively. Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found here. The methodology for producing regional estimates of expenditure on R&D for the government sector was reviewed by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) (2015 figures onwards). Estimates previously used government departments’ full-time equivalent (FTE) R&D employees by region as a proxy to calculate regional expenditure. Departments now provide actual breakdowns of their R&D expenditure by region. To allow comparison of the government data, values using both methods were published by the ONS for the 2015 year only. For this Scottish Government publication we back-revised the government sector data for Scotland to bring the series into line with the revised methodology. Note that although this methodological change is significant for the regional government sector figures in themselves, the overall impact on regional Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD) is relatively small given the relatively small size of government sector R&D spend compared to that of the higher education and business sectors.

Coherence and Comparability

Data can be used to look at trends over time. For comparisons with other UK regions and EU and OECD countries, please see the GERD Scotland 2016 publication, or visit the Office for National Statistics website.

Accessibility and Clarity

Information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found here.

Relevance

GERD is the measure most commonly used for international comparisons of R&D activity. It covers all R&D performed in the country concerned, irrespective of who pays for it, including funding from abroad. However, it excludes R&D performed abroad even if it is funded from the UK. Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found here.

Timeliness and Punctuality

Respondents to the ONS BERD and PNP surveys were asked to make a return for the calendar year or the nearest 12 month period for which figures were available. The GovERD figures relate to the financial year and the HERD figures relate to the academic year. The data are published in March each year . This means Scottish GERD figures are available approximately 12-18 months after the end of the year to which they relate.

Revisions
Not supplied
URI

This is a linked data resource: it has a permanent unique uri at which both humans and machines can find it on the Internet, and which can be used an identifier in queries on our SPARQL endpoint.

http://statistics.gov.scot/data/gross-expenditure-on-research-and-development
Dimensions Linked Data

A linked data-orientated view of dimensions and values

Dimension Locked Value
R&D Performer
http://statistics.gov.scot/def/dimension/r&dPerformer
(not locked to a value)
Reference Area
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refArea
(not locked to a value)
Reference Period
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refPeriod
(not locked to a value)
Measure Type
http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#measureType
(not locked to a value)
Graphs

Linked Data is stored in graphs. We keep dataset contents (the data) separately from the metadata, to make it easier for you to find exactly what you need.

The data in this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/gross-expenditure-on-research-and-development

The data structure definition for this data cube dataset is stored in the same graph as the data: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/gross-expenditure-on-research-and-development

All other metadata about this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/gross-expenditure-on-research-and-development/metadata

Linked Data Resources

A breakdown by type of the 86 resources in this dataset's data graph.

Resource type Number of resources
Collection 2
Component specification 6
Data set 1
Data structure definition 1
Observation 76
All metadata
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/gross-expenditure-on-research-and-development/metadata
Accessibility and Clarity http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accessibility-and-clarity
Information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/SourcesandSuitability/GERD). xsd:string
Accuracy and Reliability http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accuracy-and-reliability
The GERD data are compiled from annual surveys. When a new year's GERD data are released, the previous' two years' data are revised at the same time to take account of misreporting and late returns. All series expressed as real terms and expressed as a proportion of GDP are revised back to 2001 due to underlying revisions to deflators and GDP respectively. Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/SourcesandSuitability/GERD). The methodology for producing regional estimates of expenditure on R&D for the government sector was reviewed by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) (2015 figures onwards). Estimates previously used government departments’ full-time equivalent (FTE) R&D employees by region as a proxy to calculate regional expenditure. Departments now provide actual breakdowns of their R&D expenditure by region. To allow comparison of the government data, values using both methods were published by the ONS for the 2015 year only. For this Scottish Government publication we back-revised the government sector data for Scotland to bring the series into line with the revised methodology. Note that although this methodological change is significant for the regional government sector figures in themselves, the overall impact on regional Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD) is relatively small given the relatively small size of government sector R&D spend compared to that of the higher education and business sectors. xsd:string
Comment rdfs:comment http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#comment
Gross Expenditure on Research and Development in Scotland as a percentage of GDP since 2001. xsd:string
Comparability and Coherence http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/comparability-and-coherence
Data can be used to look at trends over time. For comparisons with other UK regions and EU and OECD countries, please see the [GERD Scotland 2016 publication]( http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD/GERDreport), or visit the [Office for National Statistics website](https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/governmentpublicsectorandtaxes/researchanddevelopmentexpenditure/bulletins/ukgrossdomesticexpenditureonresearchanddevelopment/2016). xsd:string
Contact email http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#contactEmail
mailto:industrystatistics@gov.scot
Creator dcterms:creator http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Date Issued dcterms:issued http://purl.org/dc/terms/issued
June 18, 2018 09:09 xsd:dateTime
Date Modified dcterms:modified http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
June 18, 2018 11:06 xsd:dateTime
Description dcterms:description http://purl.org/dc/terms/description
Information on Scottish Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) as a percentage of GDP from 2001 onwards and estimates of the four components of GERD: Business Enterprise (BERD), Higher Education (HERD), Government, which includes Research Councils (GovERD) and Private Non-Profit (PNP). The data on expenditure on R&D in Scotland is sourced from Research and Development Surveys conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). More detailed information can be found on our [publication website]( http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/TrendRandDExpenditure) and in the [GERD Scotland 2016 publication](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD/GERDreport). xsd:string
Graph http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#graph
http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/gross-expenditure-on-research-and-development
Has a SPARQL endpoint at void:sparqlEndpoint http://rdfs.org/ns/void#sparqlEndpoint
http://statistics.gov.scot/sparql
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue
April 2019 xsd:string
In folder http://publishmydata.com/def/ontology/folder/inFolder
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Business, Enterprise and Energy http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/business-enterprise-and-energy
Label rdfs:label http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#label
Gross Expenditure on Research and Development xsd:string
License dcterms:license http://purl.org/dc/terms/license
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/
Publisher dcterms:publisher http://purl.org/dc/terms/publisher
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Quality Management http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/quality-management
Gross Expenditure on Research and Development is a National Statistics publication. It has been produced to the high professional standards set out in the [Code of Practice for Official Statistics](https://www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/osr/code-of-practice/) and the [Pre-release Access to Official Statistics (Scotland) Order 2008](http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2008/399/pdfs/ssi_20080399_en.pdf) . These statistics undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. ONS have produced, as part of the UK GERD release, a summary quality report for the GERD output: [ONS Summary Quality Report](https://www.ons.gov.uk/businessindustryandtrade/business/businessinnovation/methodologies/ukgrossdomesticexpenditureonresearchanddevelopmentqmi). Information on GERD data sources, suitability and uses can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/SourcesandSuitability/GERD). xsd:string
References dcterms:references http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
http://statistics.gov.scot/help http://statistics.gov.scot/help
Relevance http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/relevance
GERD is the measure most commonly used for international comparisons of R&D activity. It covers all R&D performed in the country concerned, irrespective of who pays for it, including funding from abroad. However, it excludes R&D performed abroad even if it is funded from the UK. Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/SourcesandSuitability/GERD). xsd:string
Theme dcat:theme http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#theme
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Business, Enterprise and Energy http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/business-enterprise-and-energy
Timeliness and Punctuality http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/timeliness-and-punctuality
Respondents to the ONS BERD and PNP surveys were asked to make a return for the calendar year or the nearest 12 month period for which figures were available. The GovERD figures relate to the financial year and the HERD figures relate to the academic year. The data are published in March each year . This means Scottish GERD figures are available approximately 12-18 months after the end of the year to which they relate. xsd:string
Title dcterms:title http://purl.org/dc/terms/title
Gross Expenditure on Research and Development xsd:string
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Dataset http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#Dataset
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#LinkedDataset
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/gross-expenditure-on-research-and-development
Structure qb:structure http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#structure
http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/gross-expenditure-on-research-and-development http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/gross-expenditure-on-research-and-development
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Machine-readable formats

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