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[this is a data cube dataset] A data cube dataset in folders : Scottish Government, Business, Enterprise and Energy

Business Enterprise Research and Development Expenditure

Expenditure on research and development by businesses in Scotland since 2001.

View as a spreadsheet
Dimensions
Dimension
Value
Measure Type
  1. Count
  2. Ratio
Product Group
  1. All
  2. Manufacturing
  3. Other
  4. Services
Reference Period
  1. 2001
  2. 2002
  3. 2003
  4. 2004
  5. 2005
  6. 2006
  7. 2007
  8. 2008
  9. 2009
  10. 2010
  11. 2011
  12. 2012
  13. 2013
  14. 2014
  15. 2015
  16. 2016
Reference Area
(showing types of area available in these data)
  1. Countries
  2. Council Areas
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Entire dataset
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CSVN-Triples
About the Dataset
Contact
Publisher
Scottish Government
Creator
Scottish Government
In folders
License
Issued
18/06/2018
Modified
18/06/2018
Next update due
April 2019
Description

Information on Scottish Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD) expenditure are broken down into various groupings including local authority area, product groups and spend per head of population from 2001 onwards. The data on expenditure on R&D performed within businesses in Scotland by local authority area is sourced from the annual Office for National Statistics' (ONS) Business Enterprise Research and Development Survey. The population estimates used to calculate BERD spend per head of the population are sourced from the Mid-Year Population Estimates, published by the National Records of Scotland here. More detailed information can be found on our publication website and in the BERD Scotland 2016 publication.

Details
Confidentiality Policy

Statistical disclosure control is applied to tables in order to maintain the confidentially of the data. Expenditure and employment values associated with business counts below a minimum threshold are withheld from publication. Additionally, a dominance rule identifies where a small number of businesses account for a majority of the associated expenditure or employment; these and any cells permitting disclosure by deduction are withheld from publication. Caution should therefore be exercised if summary data is calculated; data may be missing (as a result of disclosure control suppressions) in which case it will not be a true representation of product group or area totals.

Quality Management

Business Enterprise Research and Development is a National Statistics publication. It has been produced to the high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and the Pre-release Access to Official Statistics (Scotland) Order 2008 . These statistics undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. A summary quality report for the ONS BERD survey is available: ONS Summary Quality Report. Information on BERD survey and methodology can be found here and information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found here.

Accuracy and Reliability

The BERD data are compiled from an annual survey. When a new year's BERD data are released, the previous' two years' data are revised at the same time to take account of businesses misreporting and late returns. Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found here. There is a discontinuity between the data for 2009 onwards with earlier years due to the introduction of SIC 2007. From 2009 onwards, waste management is included in the “Other” sector, whereas previously it was included in Manufacturing.

Coherence and Comparability

Data can be compared between different sectors, local authority areas and to look at trends over time. For comparisons with other UK regions, please see the BERD Scotland 2016 publication, or visit the Office for National Statistics website. When comparing the product groups it is important to note that there is a discontinuity between the data before and after 2009 when SIC 2007 was introduced. From 2009 onwards, waste management is included in the “Other” sector, whereas previously it was included in Manufacturing.

Accessibility and Clarity

Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found here.

Relevance

BERD includes business enterprise R&D performed in Scotland irrespective of the residence of the ultimate owner. BERD excludes R&D funded by Scottish businesses that is performed overseas. BERD excludes R&D carried out by higher education or government (including government departments, agencies and non-departmental public bodies; local authorities; and private non-profit organisations). Public corporations are counted as business enterprises. Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found here. Information on BERD survey and methodology can be found here.

Timeliness and Punctuality

The data are published in December each year . This means Scottish BERD figures are available approximately 12 months after the end of the calendar year to which they relate.

Revisions
Not supplied
URI

This is a linked data resource: it has a permanent unique uri at which both humans and machines can find it on the Internet, and which can be used an identifier in queries on our SPARQL endpoint.

http://statistics.gov.scot/data/business-enterprise-research-and-development-expenditure
Dimensions Linked Data

A linked data-orientated view of dimensions and values

Dimension Locked Value
Product Group
http://statistics.gov.scot/def/dimension/productGroup
(not locked to a value)
Reference Area
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refArea
(not locked to a value)
Reference Period
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refPeriod
(not locked to a value)
Measure Type
http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#measureType
(not locked to a value)
Graphs

Linked Data is stored in graphs. We keep dataset contents (the data) separately from the metadata, to make it easier for you to find exactly what you need.

The data in this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-enterprise-research-and-development-expenditure

The data structure definition for this data cube dataset is stored in the same graph as the data: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-enterprise-research-and-development-expenditure

All other metadata about this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-enterprise-research-and-development-expenditure/metadata

Linked Data Resources

A breakdown by type of the 1,542 resources in this dataset's data graph.

Resource type Number of resources
Collection 2
Component specification 8
Data set 1
Data structure definition 1
Observation 1,530
All metadata
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-enterprise-research-and-development-expenditure/metadata
Accessibility and Clarity http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accessibility-and-clarity
Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/SourcesandSuitability/BERD). xsd:string
Accuracy and Reliability http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accuracy-and-reliability
The BERD data are compiled from an annual survey. When a new year's BERD data are released, the previous' two years' data are revised at the same time to take account of businesses misreporting and late returns. Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/SourcesandSuitability/BERD). There is a discontinuity between the data for 2009 onwards with earlier years due to the introduction of SIC 2007. From 2009 onwards, waste management is included in the “Other” sector, whereas previously it was included in Manufacturing. xsd:string
Comment rdfs:comment http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#comment
Expenditure on research and development by businesses in Scotland since 2001. xsd:string
Comparability and Coherence http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/comparability-and-coherence
Data can be compared between different sectors, local authority areas and to look at trends over time. For comparisons with other UK regions, please see the [BERD Scotland 2016 publication](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD/BERDreport16), or visit the [Office for National Statistics website](https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/governmentpublicsectorandtaxes/researchanddevelopmentexpenditure/bulletins/businessenterpriseresearchanddevelopment/previousReleases). When comparing the product groups it is important to note that there is a discontinuity between the data before and after 2009 when SIC 2007 was introduced. From 2009 onwards, waste management is included in the “Other” sector, whereas previously it was included in Manufacturing. xsd:string
Confidentiality http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/confidentiality
Statistical disclosure control is applied to tables in order to maintain the confidentially of the data. Expenditure and employment values associated with business counts below a minimum threshold are withheld from publication. Additionally, a dominance rule identifies where a small number of businesses account for a majority of the associated expenditure or employment; these and any cells permitting disclosure by deduction are withheld from publication. Caution should therefore be exercised if summary data is calculated; data may be missing (as a result of disclosure control suppressions) in which case it will not be a true representation of product group or area totals. xsd:string
Contact email http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#contactEmail
mailto:industrystatistics@gov.scot
Creator dcterms:creator http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Date Issued dcterms:issued http://purl.org/dc/terms/issued
June 18, 2018 09:06 xsd:dateTime
Date Modified dcterms:modified http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
June 18, 2018 13:13 xsd:dateTime
Description dcterms:description http://purl.org/dc/terms/description
Information on Scottish Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD) expenditure are broken down into various groupings including local authority area, product groups and spend per head of population from 2001 onwards. The data on expenditure on R&D performed within businesses in Scotland by local authority area is sourced from the annual Office for National Statistics' (ONS) Business Enterprise Research and Development Survey. The population estimates used to calculate BERD spend per head of the population are sourced from the Mid-Year Population Estimates, published by the National Records of Scotland [here](https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/population/population-estimates/mid-year-population-estimates/mid-2016). More detailed information can be found on our [publication website](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD ) and in the [BERD Scotland 2016 publication](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD/BERDreport16). xsd:string
Graph http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#graph
http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-enterprise-research-and-development-expenditure
Has a SPARQL endpoint at void:sparqlEndpoint http://rdfs.org/ns/void#sparqlEndpoint
http://statistics.gov.scot/sparql
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue
April 2019 xsd:string
In folder http://publishmydata.com/def/ontology/folder/inFolder
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Business, Enterprise and Energy http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/business-enterprise-and-energy
Label rdfs:label http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#label
Business Enterprise Research and Development Expenditure xsd:string
License dcterms:license http://purl.org/dc/terms/license
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/
Publisher dcterms:publisher http://purl.org/dc/terms/publisher
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Quality Management http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/quality-management
Business Enterprise Research and Development is a National Statistics publication. It has been produced to the high professional standards set out in the [Code of Practice for Official Statistics](https://www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/osr/code-of-practice/) and the [Pre-release Access to Official Statistics (Scotland) Order 2008](http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2008/399/pdfs/ssi_20080399_en.pdf) . These statistics undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. A summary quality report for the ONS BERD survey is available: [ONS Summary Quality Report](https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/governmentpublicsectorandtaxes/researchanddevelopmentexpenditure/methodologies/ukbusinessenterpriseresearchanddevelopmentsurveyqmi). Information on BERD survey and methodology can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD/BERDSurveyForms) and information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/SourcesandSuitability/BERD). xsd:string
References dcterms:references http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
http://statistics.gov.scot/help http://statistics.gov.scot/help
Relevance http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/relevance
BERD includes business enterprise R&D performed in Scotland irrespective of the residence of the ultimate owner. BERD excludes R&D funded by Scottish businesses that is performed overseas. BERD excludes R&D carried out by higher education or government (including government departments, agencies and non-departmental public bodies; local authorities; and private non-profit organisations). Public corporations are counted as business enterprises. Further information on data sources, suitability and uses can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/SourcesandSuitability/BERD). Information on BERD survey and methodology can be found [here](http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD/BERDSurveyForms). xsd:string
Theme dcat:theme http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#theme
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Business, Enterprise and Energy http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/business-enterprise-and-energy
Timeliness and Punctuality http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/timeliness-and-punctuality
The data are published in December each year . This means Scottish BERD figures are available approximately 12 months after the end of the calendar year to which they relate. xsd:string
Title dcterms:title http://purl.org/dc/terms/title
Business Enterprise Research and Development Expenditure xsd:string
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Dataset http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#Dataset
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#LinkedDataset
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-enterprise-research-and-development-expenditure
Structure qb:structure http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#structure
http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/business-enterprise-research-and-development-expenditure http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/business-enterprise-research-and-development-expenditure
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Machine-readable formats

In addition to this bookmarkable html page, this dataset metadata is also available for our robot customers in the following machine-readable formats. Please refer to the API documentation for more details.

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