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[this is a data cube dataset] A data cube dataset in folders : Scottish Government, Business, Enterprise and Energy

Business Demography - Births and Deaths

Number and rate (per 10,000 adults) of VAT/PAYE registrations and de-registrations.

View as a spreadsheet
Dimensions
Dimension
Value
Business Demography
  1. De-Registrations
  2. Registrations
Measure Type
  1. Count
  2. Ratio
Reference Period
  1. 2002
  2. 2003
  3. 2004
  4. 2005
  5. 2006
  6. 2007
  7. 2008
  8. 2009
  9. 2010
  10. 2011
  11. 2012
  12. 2013
  13. 2014
  14. 2015
  15. 2016
  16. 2017
  17. 2018
  18. 2019
  19. 2020
  20. 2021
  21. 2022
Reference Area
(showing types of area available in these data)
  1. Countries
  2. Council Areas
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Entire dataset
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CSVN-Triples
About the Dataset
Contact
Publisher
Scottish Government
Creator
Scottish Government
In folders
License
Issued
11/04/2018
Modified
21/03/2024
Next update due
March 2025
Description

Business births and deaths are produced by the Office for National Statistics within their Business Demography publication. Data are based on registrations and de-registrations for VAT and PAYE.

Please note that there has been a change in the reference period for these data from 2016 onwards. The Business Demography publication reference period records the number of active businesses over a period of a year. Up to 2016, this was measured from a single point in November in one year to a single point in November in the following year. For example, the 2015 publication measured the number of active businesses taken from a specific date in November 2014 to the same date in November 2015. From 2016 onwards, the reference period moved to December. This has helped bring the reference period closer to the calendar year, as recommended by the joint Eurostat and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) manual on business demography.

Please note that there has been an improvement made to these data. For the years 2016 to 2021, businesses that have neither VAT nor PAYE but do have a live company number have been removed from the figures. They have been removed because they may misrepresent business birth and death figures. ONS create these enterprises on the Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) in order to monitor them, usually because they help to give the full picture on the enterprise group. Often these businesses do not have employment or turnover, but have some role in the enterprise group, perhaps as the parent of the group. This is in line with the vast majority of ONS business surveys which also exclude these cases.

Please note that registrations for 2007 increased substantially on 2006. It is likely that these figures partly reflect the impact of changes in tax rules in April 2007 surrounding Managed Service Companies. Businesses registered as Managed Service Companies at one address were previously excluded from this series; however following the change to the tax rules a number of these businesses have de-registered and re-registered as single entities elsewhere and this activity has been included in the series. For more information please see ONS' Business Demography.

The population estimates used to form the rates are sourced from the Mid-Year Population Estimates, published by the National Records of Scotland. The term “per 10,000 adults” is defined as people aged 16 or over resident in Scotland.

Details
Confidentiality Policy

Any cell which is blank contains confidential data. This is data which has been withheld from publication in order that no information relating to an individual business is disclosed. Caution should therefore be exercised if summary data is calculated; it may include blank cells in which case it will not be a true representation of industry or area totals.

Quality Management

For information on quality management, please see Business Demography, UK: 2022.

Accuracy and Reliability

For information on quality measures, please see Business Demography, UK: 2022.

Coherence and Comparability

Data can be compared between different industries, local authority areas and to look at trends over time. For comparisons with other UK regions, please see Business Demography, UK: 2022.

Accessibility and Clarity

For other tables, commentary and more methodology please see Business Demography, UK: 2022.

Relevance

Business Demography data is produced from an extract taken from the Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) recording the position of active units over a year. This has been measured from a single point in December one year to a single point in December the following year. For data up to and including 2015, the reference period measured from a specific date in November to the same date in November the following year.

Timeliness and Punctuality

It is the aim to publish statistics on business births, deaths and survival rates for Scotland and Scottish Local Authority Areas as soon as possible after the release of the Office for National Statistics' Business Demography, which are due out each November.

Revisions

Data is compiled from an extract taken from the Inter-Departmental Business Register recording the position of units at December of the reference year. The normal policy is that the latest two years’ estimates on births, deaths and survivals would be subject to revision, and revisions would be made in the following year’s publication.

Revisions to previously published population estimates are generally planned, although there can be occasions when they are unplanned, and are the result of either improvements in statistical methods or the availability of additional data. Corrections are unplanned and may occur when errors in either the statistical data or methodology are found after release of the data. For the list of all population estimates that have recently been revised or corrected, please visit the National Records of Scotland’s Revisions and Corrections.

URI

This is a linked data resource: it has a permanent unique uri at which both humans and machines can find it on the Internet, and which can be used an identifier in queries on our SPARQL endpoint.

http://statistics.gov.scot/data/business-demography---births-and-deaths
Dimensions Linked Data

A linked data-orientated view of dimensions and values

Dimension Locked Value
Business Demography
http://statistics.gov.scot/def/dimension/businessDemography
(not locked to a value)
Reference Area
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refArea
(not locked to a value)
Reference Period
http://purl.org/linked-data/sdmx/2009/dimension#refPeriod
(not locked to a value)
Measure Type
http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#measureType
(not locked to a value)
Graphs

Linked Data is stored in graphs. We keep dataset contents (the data) separately from the metadata, to make it easier for you to find exactly what you need.

The data in this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-demography---births-and-deaths

The data structure definition for this data cube dataset is stored in the same graph as the data: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-demography---births-and-deaths

All other metadata about this dataset are stored in the graph: http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-demography---births-and-deaths/metadata

Linked Data Resources

A breakdown by type of the 2,526 resources in this dataset's data graph.

Resource type Number of resources
Collection 2
Component specification 10
Data set 1
Data structure definition 1
Observation 2,512
All metadata
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-demography---births-and-deaths/metadata
Accessibility and Clarity http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accessibility-and-clarity
For other tables, commentary and more methodology please see [Business Demography, UK: 2022](https://www.ons.gov.uk/businessindustryandtrade/business/activitysizeandlocation/bulletins/businessdemography/2022). xsd:string
Accuracy and Reliability http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/accuracy-and-reliability
For information on quality measures, please see [Business Demography, UK: 2022](https://www.ons.gov.uk/businessindustryandtrade/business/activitysizeandlocation/bulletins/businessdemography/2022). xsd:string
Comment rdfs:comment http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#comment
Number and rate (per 10,000 adults) of VAT/PAYE registrations and de-registrations. xsd:string
Comparability and Coherence http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/comparability-and-coherence
Data can be compared between different industries, local authority areas and to look at trends over time. For comparisons with other UK regions, please see [Business Demography, UK: 2022](https://www.ons.gov.uk/businessindustryandtrade/business/activitysizeandlocation/bulletins/businessdemography/2022). xsd:string
Confidentiality http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/confidentiality
Any cell which is blank contains confidential data. This is data which has been withheld from publication in order that no information relating to an individual business is disclosed. Caution should therefore be exercised if summary data is calculated; it may include blank cells in which case it will not be a true representation of industry or area totals. xsd:string
Contact email http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#contactEmail
mailto:industrystatistics@gov.scot
Creator dcterms:creator http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Date Issued dcterms:issued http://purl.org/dc/terms/issued
April 11, 2018 12:02 xsd:dateTime
Date Modified dcterms:modified http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
March 21, 2024 16:28 xsd:dateTime
Description dcterms:description http://purl.org/dc/terms/description
Business births and deaths are produced by the Office for National Statistics within their Business Demography publication. Data are based on registrations and de-registrations for VAT and PAYE. Please note that there has been a change in the reference period for these data from 2016 onwards. The Business Demography publication reference period records the number of active businesses over a period of a year. Up to 2016, this was measured from a single point in November in one year to a single point in November in the following year. For example, the 2015 publication measured the number of active businesses taken from a specific date in November 2014 to the same date in November 2015. From 2016 onwards, the reference period moved to December. This has helped bring the reference period closer to the calendar year, as recommended by the joint Eurostat and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) manual on business demography. Please note that there has been an improvement made to these data. For the years 2016 to 2021, businesses that have neither VAT nor PAYE but do have a live company number have been removed from the figures. They have been removed because they may misrepresent business birth and death figures. ONS create these enterprises on the Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) in order to monitor them, usually because they help to give the full picture on the enterprise group. Often these businesses do not have employment or turnover, but have some role in the enterprise group, perhaps as the parent of the group. This is in line with the vast majority of ONS business surveys which also exclude these cases. Please note that registrations for 2007 increased substantially on 2006. It is likely that these figures partly reflect the impact of changes in tax rules in April 2007 surrounding Managed Service Companies. Businesses registered as Managed Service Companies at one address were previously excluded from this series; however following the change to the tax rules a number of these businesses have de-registered and re-registered as single entities elsewhere and this activity has been included in the series. For more information please see [ONS' Business Demography.](http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/bus-register/business-demography/index.html) The population estimates used to form the rates are sourced from the [Mid-Year Population Estimates](https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/population/population-estimates/mid-year-population-estimates), published by the National Records of Scotland. The term “per 10,000 adults” is defined as people aged 16 or over resident in Scotland. xsd:string
Graph http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#graph
http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-demography---births-and-deaths
Has a SPARQL endpoint at void:sparqlEndpoint http://rdfs.org/ns/void#sparqlEndpoint
http://statistics.gov.scot/sparql
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#nextUpdateDue
March 2025 xsd:string
In folder http://publishmydata.com/def/ontology/folder/inFolder
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Business, Enterprise and Energy http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/business-enterprise-and-energy
Label rdfs:label http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#label
Business Demography - Births and Deaths xsd:string
License dcterms:license http://purl.org/dc/terms/license
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/
Publisher dcterms:publisher http://purl.org/dc/terms/publisher
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/id/organisation/scottish-government
Quality Management http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/quality-management
For information on quality management, please see [Business Demography, UK: 2022](https://www.ons.gov.uk/businessindustryandtrade/business/activitysizeandlocation/bulletins/businessdemography/2022). xsd:string
References dcterms:references http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
http://statistics.gov.scot/help http://statistics.gov.scot/help
Relevance http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/relevance
Business Demography data is produced from an extract taken from the Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) recording the position of active units over a year. This has been measured from a single point in December one year to a single point in December the following year. For data up to and including 2015, the reference period measured from a specific date in November to the same date in November the following year. xsd:string
Revisions http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/revisions
Data is compiled from an extract taken from the Inter-Departmental Business Register recording the position of units at December of the reference year. The normal policy is that the latest two years’ estimates on births, deaths and survivals would be subject to revision, and revisions would be made in the following year’s publication. Revisions to previously published population estimates are generally planned, although there can be occasions when they are unplanned, and are the result of either improvements in statistical methods or the availability of additional data. Corrections are unplanned and may occur when errors in either the statistical data or methodology are found after release of the data. For the list of all population estimates that have recently been revised or corrected, please visit the National Records of Scotland’s [Revisions and Corrections](https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/about-our-statistics/revisions-and-corrections). xsd:string
Theme dcat:theme http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#theme
Scottish Government http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/organisations/scottish-government
Business, Enterprise and Energy http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/folders/themes/business-enterprise-and-energy
Timeliness and Punctuality http://statistics.gov.scot/def/statistical-quality/timeliness-and-punctuality
It is the aim to publish statistics on business births, deaths and survival rates for Scotland and Scottish Local Authority Areas as soon as possible after the release of the Office for National Statistics' Business Demography, which are due out each November. xsd:string
Title dcterms:title http://purl.org/dc/terms/title
Business Demography - Births and Deaths xsd:string
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Dataset http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#Dataset
http://publishmydata.com/def/dataset#LinkedDataset
In Graph http://statistics.gov.scot/graph/business-demography---births-and-deaths
Structure qb:structure http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#structure
http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/business-demography---births-and-deaths http://statistics.gov.scot/data/structure/business-demography---births-and-deaths
Type rdf:type http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type
Data set http://purl.org/linked-data/cube#DataSet
Machine-readable formats

In addition to this bookmarkable html page, this dataset metadata is also available for our robot customers in the following machine-readable formats. Please refer to the API documentation for more details.

dataset metadata JSON RDF/XML Turtle N-Triples Atom